Central to the retention conversation are often the factors of employee commitment and engagement. To simplify the difference, a retained employee is one that continues to be employed, whereas committed and engaged employees believe in, and are dedicated to, the mission of an organization. Committed and engaged employees are desirable because they are highly productive, and that productivity then provides organizations with a greater likelihood of meeting their missions. However, what happens when an employee is committed to an organization but disengaged? First, let’s look at organizational commitment.
To understand organizational commitment, it’s helpful to know the different types of organizational commitment. They are classified as:
- Affective organizational commitment – which means that an employee’s beliefs and values align with that of the organization, so there is organizational fit. These employees tend to be more engaged.
- Continuance organizational commitment – which describes when employees stay because it’s too costly, professionally, financially or personally, to leave. These employees may or may not be engaged.
- Normative organizational commitment – which means employees stay because they feel obligated to. These employees are likely to be disengaged.
Commitment vs. Engagement, What’s the Difference?
While organizational commitment and engagement are related, they are different and pose distinctive implications to an employee’s performance. Engaged employees are committed, but committed employees could be disengaged. Commitment requires a basic level of dedication to an organization, to the work, and toward completing a certain responsibility. It often involves a personal attachment to an organization and in spite of their motivations for leaving, committed employees are more likely to stay at an organization. Engaged employees, however, are involved in contributing to the overall mission and proactively adding value to the organization. Engagement is also highly correlated with job satisfaction, as someone who is satisfied with their job is more likely to be more engaged.
Some of the common signs of disengagement are higher absenteeism, lack of participation, difficulty operating as part of a team, decline in the quality of work, pessimism instead of optimism, and greater motivation by money rather than a passion for learning. Retaining employees that are not engaged can translate to low morale through erosion of culture. Disengaged employees can influence high performers and reduce trust in, respect for, and confidence in the leaders in the organization. Those changes can then lead to employee turnover, which is costly. Also, there is a difference between an employee who is disengaged versus actively disengaged. Employees that are actively disengaged are those that feel miserable at work and spread that negativity to their colleagues. Not only are they causing the company to lose money through lower productivity, they also pass on that negativity to other employees that they interact with.
Introversion, Extroversion and Engagement
It is worth noting that personality traits can influence how engagement is perceived. Introversion can be mistaken for disengagement, and extroversion can be mistaken for engagement. Introverts, for example, may naturally display some of the behaviors associated with disengagement. They may be less likely to speak up in team meetings, or share their ideas during large group discussions, but it may not be due to lack of engagement. It is because they may not feel comfortable sharing their thoughts in a particular setting. On the other hand, extroversion may look like speaking frequently in meetings, but these actions should not be taken as a sign of definite engagement. One key consideration is that engagement looks different for each employee, and time needs to be taken to evaluate the nature of a team and the engagement patterns individuals exhibit over time.
There are many ways that organizations can gauge engagement, but the approach to measuring engagement depends on the organizational culture. For example, focus groups will likely be more successful in high trust and high transparency environments. In low trust settings, anonymous surveys will yield more representative results. Depending on needs, the frequency could range from an annual survey to a “pulse” survey, which is shorter and administered with more frequency.
In addition to surveys and focus groups, stay or employee experience interviews can be very valuable, along with a constant review of turnover. Stay interviews, similarly to exit interviews, should be thought of as a research tool or another way to gather data. The results gathered from stay interviews help organizations address problems before they become an issue or an incentive for an employee to leave. Stay interviews provide an opportunity to proactively combat disengagement while it’s occurring, rather than after the employee has already made the decision to leave the organization.
Regardless of the method used, leaders need to communicate an openness to receiving feedback and creating spaces that ensure that staff have a sense of comfort in expressing how they are feeling.
When seeking to combat disengagement, staff feedback can help to highlight the cause of disengagement and help to develop solutions or methods to address it. As mentioned above, the ways to gather feedback varies and needs to be tailored to each organization. Another way to combat disengagement is to create an ambassador program that pairs highly engaged staff with those who are disengaged. The aim here is for the engaged staff to help shift the mindset of those who are disengaged by offering different perspectives and support tools. The most important thing, however, is to create the space for staff to voice their challenges, which can be evaluated to develop a plan to address concerns.
About Chantel Simms, MBA, SPHR, SHRM-CP
Senior Consultant, Outsourcing
|Chantel is a Senior Consultant with Nonprofit HR’s Outsourcing practice area. Chantel is a multi-faceted human resources leader who champions strategic HR Management (HRM) plans to drive business success. She is known for engaging employees at all levels, has a passion for helping others, and is intentional about making a positive daily impact. Chantel has 20 years of HR experience and brings enormous depth and breadth of human resources experience in both nonprofit and for-profit industries. See Chantel’s full bio.|
About Aimee Wood, SHRM-CP
Associate Consultant, Outsourcing
|Aimee is an Associate Consultant for the firm’s Outsourcing division. She supports clients within the Law and Education industries in areas including recruiting and staffing, employee relations, human resources information systems management, employee benefits, human resource compliance, performance management, training and development and strategic planning. She appreciates the opportunity to practice human resources while supporting the missions of her nonprofit clients. See Aimee’s full bio.|
About Nonprofit HR’s Outsourcing Practice
Nonprofit HR’s Outsourcing practice gives your organization all the benefits of an in-house HR team, but with less internal full-time staff and more expertise. Our dedicated HR consultants can manage all aspects of your human resources function, from talent acquisition and onboarding to workforce planning and employee relations. Packages are available for as few as twenty hours per month and can be tailored to any budget. Want to learn more about HR Outsourcing or simply have a question? Contact us now.